Define the purpose of the talk, gain permission to talk, and help the person understand the reason for the intervention.
Raise awareness of the issue in the context of the person’s health.
Screen, evaluate and assess substance use.
Actively listen to feedback and direct toward the purpose of the talk.
Help the addict weigh the costs and benefits of change.
Offer positive change alternatives and options.
Identify potential change strategies.
Help the addict choose the most appropriate change strategy. Address the costs and benefits of various change strategies (e.g., self-change, brief treatment, intensive treatment, self-help group attendance).
Reinforce personal decisions made by repeating goals and outcomes.
Schedule a follow up talk to track progress. This can be in the form of a face-to-face meeting, a telephone call, or even a voice mail message.